What is Periodontal Surgery?

Periodontal Surgery is the removal of bacterial plaque and calculus (tartar) from around the teeth and below the gum-line.

Why have Periodontal Surgery?

Gum disease and tooth loss is the result if Periodontitis is not treated in time.

  • Type's of Periodontal disease:

  • Alveolar bone
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Cementum
  • Gingiva

Periodontitis & Gingivitis

Plaque and tartar accumulate at the base of the teeth gradually causing infection and inflammation. Inflammation causes a pocket to develop between the gums and the teeth, which keeps on filling with plaque and tartar. Soft tissue swelling traps the plaque in the pocket. Continued inflammation eventually causes destruction of the tissues and bone surrounding the tooth, thus loosening the tooth. Eventually it leads to loss of teeth.

  • Common symptoms to identify inflammation of gums are:

  • Bright Red or red-purple gums
  • Bad Breadth
  • Bleeding gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Shiny or glossy appearance

Your Choices for Periodontitis Treatment

If your dentist determines that you have periodontitis, the treatment will depend on the severity of the infection. Some options include:

  • Tooth Scaling and Root Planing
  • Flap Surgery
  • Grafts